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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 806: International Symposium on Underutilized Plants for Food Security, Nutrition, Income and Sustainable Development

SOCIO-ECONOMIC VALUES OF TAMARIND (TAMARINDUS INDICA L.) AND NEREID (PARKIA BIGLOBOSA BENTH) RESOURCES IN CÔTE D'IVOIRE

Authors:   K.E. Koffi, N. Diarrassouba
Keywords:   neglected plants, non wood forest products, economic values, trade
Abstract:
Tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.) and nereid (Parkia biglobosa Benth) are indigenous food crops that grow naturally in the Sudanian savannah of Côte d’Ivoire. Tamarind’s products are mainly used in food and traditional medicine. Tamarind cultivation is still considered as a secondary objective by most farmers despite the fact that those involved in marketing know the commercial value of tamarind products. Eighty-five percent of the tamarind produced in the country is marketed locally in production areas and 15% is sold in urban markets across the country. Socio-economic investigations showed that the trade of nereid and tamarind products are important sources of incomes for farmers. Therefore, the price is generally influenced by product availability and market nature. Nereid and tamarind products are bought by small traders in rural areas before selling them in urban markets. The average price per kg for nereid seeds in rural markets is 75 FCFA against 140 FCFA in urban markets. The aim of the study is to show the social and economic importance of these two species for rural communities and analyse their products.
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