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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 690: I International Rose Hip Conference

UTILIZATION OF WILD ROSE SPECIES IN INDIA

Authors:   Tejaswini, M.S. Prakash
Keywords:   food, medicinal, nutritional, Rosa, rose-hip, diversity, distribution, utility
DOI:   10.17660/ActaHortic.2005.690.12
Abstract:
In India, a total of 25 species in the genus Rosa have been reported to grow in the wild. Eight of these have contributed to the development of modern ornamentals in the group ‘Hybrid Teas’. In the present study, information was gathered on the use of wild roses for various purposes, with special emphasis on the use of the fruits (rose hips) e.g. as food, animal feed and for therapeutic applications. Distribution of all Rosa species available in India was mapped, and utility and potential of these species was compiled to facilitate collection, conservation and utilization. Of the species occurring in India, R. centifolia, R. gallica, R. macrophylla, R. gigantea, R. foetida, R. moschata, R. multiflora and R. webbiana have been reported to produce hips that are rich in vitamin C. Therapeutic value has been reported for hips of R. centifolia and R. chinensis.

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