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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 665: II International Symposium on Lychee, Longan, Rambutan and other Sapindaceae Plants

COMMERCIAL SAPINDACEOUS FRUIT PRODUCTION IN THE USA

Authors:   J.H. Crane, F. Zee, G.S. Bender, B. Faber, B. Brunner, C.L. Chia
Keywords:   lychee, longan, rambutan, kenep, spanish lime, momoncillo, quenepa
DOI:   10.17660/ActaHortic.2005.665.11
Abstract:
In the US commercial sapindaceous fruit production is centered in Florida, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and California. Florida has an estimated 486 and 405 ha of lychee and longan, respectively, worth over US$19 million annually. Hawaii has an estimated 123, 36, and 99 ha of lychee, longan, and rambutan, respectively worth about US$1.1 million annually. California has an estimated 23 ha of mixed lychee and longan orchards. Puerto Rico has an estimated 4 and 56 ha of rambutan and kenep (Melicoccus bijugatus) worth an estimated US$0.23 million annually. The major lychee cultivars in Florida are ‘Mauritius’ and ‘Brewster’ with small areas of ‘Hak Ip’ also planted. ‘Kohala’ is the major longan cultivar although ‘Do’, ‘Biao Khiao’, and ‘Phet Sakhon’ are planted. In Hawaii, ‘Kaimana’, ‘Bosworth‘, ‘Tai So’, and ‘Groff’ are the major lychee cultivars, ‘Bieo Khiao’, ‘Chomphu’ and ‘Egami’ are the major longan cultivars, and ‘R3’, ‘R9’, ‘Binjai’, and ‘R156’ are the major rambutan cultivars. In California, ‘Mauritius’ and ‘Brewster’ are the major lychee and ‘Kohala’ the major longan cultivar grown. The major rambutan cultivar in Puerto Rico is ‘R167’ and kenep cultivars ‘Sasa’, ‘Ponce’, and ‘José Pabón’. The major production constraints and research and development activities will be discussed.

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