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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 630: XXVI International Horticultural Congress: Nursery Crops; Development, Evaluation, Production and Use

ART AND SCIENCE OF LIFE: DESIGNING AND GROWING VIRTUAL PLANTS WITH L-SYSTEMS

Author:   P. Prusinkiewicz
Keywords:   modeling and visualization of plants, L-studio, Virtual Laboratory
DOI:   10.17660/ActaHortic.2004.630.1
Abstract:
Virtual plants are computer models that recreate the structure and simulate the development of plants. Virtual plant modeling is an interdisciplinary area combining mathematical formalisms, biological knowledge, and computer graphic techniques. An important modeling method is based on the theory of Lindenmayer systems (L-systems). At present, L-system models make it possible to: (a) accurately reproduce the structure and development of plants; (b) show how architectural parameters (e.g., branching angles, elongation rates, vigor of branches) affect the appearance of plants; (c) simulate plant physiology and investigate the effects of manipulations (e.g., pruning, bonsai techniques) or different external conditions (e.g., local light microclimate, water availability, crowding) on plant development; and (d) simulate plants not only in isolation, but also in their ecological contexts. Currently constructed research models also address the genetic basis of plant form. In horticulture, the models are potentially useful as an exploration tool, indicating desirable directions of breeding and manipulating ornamental plants for maximum visual impact, and fruit plants for maximum yield. Other applications include fundamental research and teaching of biology, and landscape design. This paper describes the current state of the L-system-based modeling methodology as supported by L-studio and Virtual Laboratory, plant modeling software developed at the University of Calgary.

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