|Authors: ||C. Akem, G. MacManus, L. Dann, L. Coates, T. Cooke, D. Lakhesar|
|Keywords: ||plant activators, anthracnose, stem end rots, disease control, mangoes, postharvest diseases|
Anthracnose and stem end rots are the main postharvest diseases affecting mangoes in Australia and limiting the shelf life of fruits whenever they are not controlled.
The management of these diseases has often relied on the use of fungicide applications either as field spray treatments, postharvest dips or both.
Because of concerns with continuous fungicide use, other options for the sustainable management of these diseases are needed.
Field trials were conducted to assess the efficacy of three plant activators for the control of these diseases over a 2-year period on 20-year old ‘R2E2’ mango trees in north Queensland.
The activators evaluated were: Bion, Kasil and Mangocote.
The efficacy of these activators was compared with that of a standard industry field spray program using a combination of fungicides, as well as to un¬treated controls.
Conditions favoured good development of the target diseases in both years to be able to differentiate treatment effects.
Kasil as a drench was as effective as the standard fungicide program on the management of anthracnose and stem end rots.
Bion as foliar sprays showed similar efficacy with its effectiveness comparable with the standard spray program.
Both activators had significantly less disease incidences when compared with the untreated control.
The third activator, Mangocote was not very effective in controlling the target diseases.
Its effect was not significantly better than the untreated controls.
The results from this 2-year study suggest that plant activators can play an effective role in mango postharvest disease management.
Proper timing could reduce the number of fungicide sprays in an integrated disease management program enabling sustainable yields of quality fruits without the continuous concerns of health and environmental risks from continuous reliance on fungicide use.
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