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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 975: IV International Symposium on Tropical and Subtropical Fruits

PHYSICO-CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF POLYEMBRYONIC MANGO CULTIVARS UNDER NORTH INDIA CONDITIONS

Authors:   R.K. Roshan, N. Pebam, D.B. Singh
Keywords:   Mangifera indica L., mango cultivars, physico-chemical trial, polyembryony
DOI:   10.17660/ActaHortic.2013.975.44
Abstract:
This study was carried out at the Department of Horticulture, Allahabad Agricultural Institute, Deemed University, Allahabad, during 2007. The experiment was laid out in a completely randomized design with four replications and five polyembryonic cultivars namely ‘Bapakai’, ‘Vellaiculamban’, ‘Goa’, ‘Nekkare’, and ‘Moovandan’. Observations were recorded on physical, morphological, and bio-chemical characters of the fruit. ‘Moovandan’ had the greatest breadth (7.52 cm), circumference (19.9 cm), fruit weight (231.3 cm), volume (228.4 ml) and juice content (49.0 ml). The highest pulp percentage (67.1%), lowest stone percentage (16.3%), and peel percentage (22.5%) were recorded with ‘Vellaiculamban’. Pulp-peel ratio (4.06) and pulp-stone (4.11) ratio, TSS concentration (22.0%), total sugar (14.2%), reducing sugar (2.7%), pH (4.8), and sugar/acid ratio (73.7), were all highest and acidity (0.19%) lowest with ‘Vellaiculamban’. The highest value of ascorbic acid (15.9 mg/100 ml) was recorded with ‘Goa’.

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