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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 968: II EUFRIN Plum and Prune Working Group Meeting on Present Constraints of Plum Growing in Europe

POMOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF AUTOCHTHONOUS PLUM GENOTYPES (PRUNUS DOMESTICA) FROM BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

Authors:   P. Drkenda, M. Kurtović
Keywords:   plum, Prunus domestica, autochthonous genotypes, pomology, fruit
DOI:   10.17660/ActaHortic.2012.968.10
Abstract:
Plums represented a very significant economic factor in Bosnia in the twentieth century. Dominant in plum assortment is ‘Pozegaca’, but the appearance of the Plum pox caused a stagnation of plum production. The aim of this paper is to describe the basic pomological characteristics of fruit at six autochthonous plum genotypes: two types of ‘Pozegaca’ from locality Glavaticevo-Konjic, one type of ‘Pozegaca’ from locality Sovici-Jablanica, two types of ‘Havaca’ (from localities Doboj Istok and Gradacac) and one type of ‘Sisaca’ from locality Doboj Istok. Fruit weight of the genotypes ranged from 15.8 g in genotype ‘Sisaca’, up to 19.3 g in genotype ‘Havaca’. Among the types of ‘Pozegaca’ there were no differences in terms of fruit weight. The biggest stone weight had ‘Havaca’ (1.21 g), and the lowest one had genotype ‘Sisaca’ (0.84 g). Due to this characteristic, there were differences among the types of ‘Pozegaca’. Genotype ‘Pozegaca’, from locality Glavaticevo had the highest yield of fruit (95.3%), whereas the biggest genotype ‘Havaca’ had the lowest yield (93.67%). Among the types of ‘Pozegaca’, there were differences between localities in terms of the fruit yield.

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