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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 960: V Balkan Symposium on Vegetables and Potatoes

RESEARCH CONCERNING LOCAL POPULATION OF COMMON BEAN (PHASEOLUS VULGARIS L.) FROM S-E ROMANIA

Authors:   E. Teodorescu, N. Munteanu, C. VÓnătoru
Keywords:   dwarf bean, breeding, productivity, local population
DOI:   10.17660/ActaHortic.2012.960.11
Abstract:
The research is part of a program concerning the conservation of common bean biodiversity in S - E Romania and has the purpose to valorize local varieties of this specie. There were collected, cultivated and evaluated over 50 bean local varieties from the traditional vegetable areas of Romania. The research included numerous types of seeds: from very small to very big, with an only color (white, black, grey, yellow, brown), or more with 2 colors disposed around hilum, in streaks, on half of grain, in patches. There were made observation regarding the protocol of UPOV for distinctness, uniformity and stability tests. A special attention was given to the earliness and the qualitative and quantitative characteristics (absence of stringiness, podís degree of curvature, number and weight of pods per plant, length, thickness and weight of pod). This evaluation had the purpose to identify the local varieties that posses valuable characteristics which can be used in the next breeding works.

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