|Author: ||B.M. Amirov |
|Keywords: ||vegetable, genetic resources, breeding, seed growing|
While waiting forthe membership of WTO, Kazakhstan has chosen to strengthen its agro science bases as one of its main priorities to advance the country’s sustainable development.
Vegetable production is an important resource in the country’s agro industry, and the valuable element of the population’s nourishment.
Vegetable breeding and seed production activities in Kazakhstan began after the Second World War, 1946, when the basis of the Kazakh Research Institute of Potato and Vegetable Growing was established which nowadays is the single research center committed to provide scientifically the country’s vegetable industry by new potato and vegetables cultivars and technological developments.
The first years of Kazakhstan’s independence were years of scarcity in financial resources and skilled scientists’, that affected all branches of the country’s science, including vegetable R&D by causing its somewhat extent stagnation in sustainable development of the branch.
But in recent years the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan has taken active measures for dynamic development of vegetable production and processing industry and vegetable industry related research institutions are expected to pay a proper attention.
Since 1995, the Institute has made certain efforts to collect, conserve and develop new vegetable germplasm.
By January 2008, 8005 vegetable and melon crops accessions of 152 botanical taxons originating from 94 countries have been collected.
Among 340 cultivars and hybrids of potato, vegetable and melon crops presently listed in Register of selection achievements permitted for use in Kazakhstan 23 of potato and 47 of vegetable and melon crops cultivars comprising 11 major species have been developed by Kazakhstan breeders.
Today it is relevant for Kazakhstan to revitalize a sound network of vegetable breeding and seed production system, to become a part of an internationally harmonized system of world’s vegetable R&D society would facilitate a wide access to international genetic and information resources and motivate researchers to improve breeding work, providing a ground for more effective breeding and seed growing activities at the domestic level.
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