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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 918: XXVIII International Horticultural Congress on Science and Horticulture for People (IHC2010): III International Symposium on Plant Genetic Resources

AGROMORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF TRADITIONAL SPANISH ALMOND (PRUNUS DULCIS [MILL.] D.A. WEBB) CULTIVARS

Authors:   M.A. Gómez-Sánchez, R. Pérez-Sánchez , M.R. Morales-Corts
Keywords:   almond descriptors, dry fruits, endangered cultivars, fruit parameters, genetic resources, kernel
DOI:   10.17660/ActaHortic.2011.918.112
Abstract:
Twenty traditional almond cultivars from the “Arribes del Duero” district in Central-Western Spain were characterized agromorphologically. A total of 34 descriptors were used to describe flowers, leaves, fruits and the trees themselves over 2 consecutive years (2008-2009). This enabled the unequivocal identification of all the cultivars included in the study. A dendrogram revealed a clear separation between the cultivars and pointed to the absence of synonyms. This work is an important step in the conservation of genetic almond resources in the province of Salamanca. The investigated plant material shows distinctive and interesting agronomic characters such as high production capacity and fruit quality, early fruit maturation, and great robustness.

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