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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 905: International Symposium on Biological Control of Postharvest Diseases: Challenges and Opportunities

CHARACTERIZATION OF COLD-ADAPTED RHIZOBACTERIA FOR CONTROL OF POSTHARVEST FUNGAL DECAY OF POME FRUIT

Authors:   L.M. Nelson, C. Nagel, N. Bose-Roberts, D. Mantyka, D. Hirkala, P.L. Sholberg
Keywords:   Penicillium expansum, Botrytis cinerea, Mucor piriformis, temperature, carbon source, pH, cell-free supernatant
DOI:   10.17660/ActaHortic.2011.905.19
Abstract:
Fungal decay during postharvest storage of fruit leads to significant losses worldwide. As pathogens become resistant to synthetic fungicides microbial antagonists are promising alternatives, but only one postharvest biocontrol agent has been registered for use in Canada. Plant root-associated rhizobacteria adapted to cold climates may be a potential source of novel biocontrol agents. Four rhizobacteria that were isolated from legumes grown in Saskatchewan soils and suppressed the growth of three major postharvest pathogens of pome fruit, Penicillium expansum, Botrytis cinerea and Mucor piriformis during cold storage were selected for further characterization. Three Pseudomonas isolates and one Serratia isolate grew well at temperatures from 1 to 28C and at pH 5-7 and were able to utilize the major sugars, organic acids and amino acids found in apples. Cell-free extracts from one pseudomonad isolate inhibited growth of Penicillium expansum. This isolate consistently increased medium pH following growth on several media, a factor which may contribute to the suppression of fungal pathogens. These rhizobacteria demonstrate potential for control of fungal pathogens responsible for post-harvest decay of pome fruit.

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