|Authors: ||G.M. Sanewski, M.K. Smith, P.M. Pepper, J.E. Giles|
|Keywords: ||pineapple, breeding, hybridisation, genetics, Ananas|
World consumption of fresh pineapple has quadrupled in less than 15 years (Loeillet and Pacqui, 2009). This phenomenal event started around 1996 when the first dedicated fresh market pineapple, ‘73-114’, was released by Del Monte Inc.
This was the culmination of somewhere in the vicinity of 34 years of breeding and selection and comprised 24 individual parent combinations (Anon., PRI breeding records). This demonstrates the difficulty of breeding new pineapple cultivars but also the value of a successful program.
The success of ‘73-114’ and the competitive nature of world pineapple markets have provided impetus for pineapple breeding programs.
However, the highly heterozygous nature and self-incompatibility of pineapple limit breeding strategy options.
This review looks at the collective experience in pineapple genetic improvement both conventional and using biotechnology tools, with an emphasis on fresh market pineapple.
It focus on relevant pineapple reproductive biology, breeding strategies, parent cultivars and the relevance of biotechnology.
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