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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 858: III International Conference Postharvest Unlimited 2008

POTENTIAL NON-CHEMICAL METHODS FOR USE AGAINST THRIPS (THRIPS TABACI) IN GREEN ASPARAGUS

Authors:   P. Simantara, D. Rees, A. Westby
Keywords:   asparagus, thrips (Thrips tabaci), heat treatments, high CO2
Abstract:
Alternative methods for disinfestation of asparagus against thrips (Thrips tabaci) need to be developed for the Thai export trade, ensuring efficient thrips mortality, while maintaining quality and environmental safety. Hot air/water using temperatures of 40-60C and high CO2 treatments were studied at laboratory level. An appropriate treatment involving hot water at 45C for 15 min, with or without high CO2 treatment, followed by hydro-cooling with water at ambient temperature (~20C) was identified. Methods to assess quality, such as objective tests (% mass loss, force measurement, colour measurement) and subjective tests (appearance, decay, off-odour, snap-test for texture) gave no indication of significant quality deterioration. Chlorophyll fluorescence and ion leakage measurements were used to assess physiological stress. The Fv/Fm ratio which indicates the intactness of photosystem II was shown to decrease immediately after all heat treatments tested, but recovered over 24h for non-damaging heat treatments (42.5 and 45C). A rise in % K+ leakage was observed that increased with treatment temperature but recovered over 24h following treatment at 45C. High CO2 showed neither significant detrimental effect nor indication of physiological stress, and could kill thrips although not at a sufficiently high rate. Confirmatory trials to demonstrate the efficacy of these treatments in Thailand using naturally infested asparagus were carried out. The mortality rate of thrips was as high as when this method was tested in the UK. Adoption of the selected disinfestation method into existing process lines in Thailand would not be too complicated.
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