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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 842: VI International Strawberry Symposium

INFLUENCE OF ANION PROPORTIONS IN THE NUTRIENT SOLUTION ON TIPBURN INCIDENCE IN STRAWBERRY PLANTS IN SOILLESS CULTIVATION

Authors:   A. San Bautista, S. López-Galarza, A. Martínez, J.V. Maroto, B. Pascual
Keywords:   soilless, disorder, quality, yield, nutrition
DOI:   10.17660/ActaHortic.2009.842.222
Abstract:
Tipburn incidence was evaluated in ‘Camarosa’ and ‘Candonga’ strawberry plants grown in perlite by varying the anion proportions in the nutrient solution during 2005-2006 under greenhouse. Six nutrient solutions with different proportions of NO3-, PO4H2- and SO42- were studied, maintaining constant both cation proportions and the total ionic concentration (30.2 meq L-1). Concentrations of these anions varied from 9.0 to 12.8, 0.9 to 4.7, and 0.75 to 2.65 mM L-1, respectively. Interactions between cultivars and solutions were not significant for any of the parameters studied. The anion proportions had no influence on yield parameters. Both the percentage of leaves with tipburn and tipburn severity per leaf were the highest with intermediate levels of sulphates and phosphates and low levels of nitrates. ‘Candonga’ not only produced the highest yield and fruit weight, but also the lowest tipburn incidence.

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