ISHS


Acta
Horticulturae
Home


Login
Logout
Status


Help

ISHS Home

ISHS Contact

Consultation
statistics
index


Search
 
ISHS Acta Horticulturae 810: IX International Vaccinium Symposium

CRANBERRY PHOSPHORUS MANAGEMENT: HOW CHANGES IN PRACTICE CAN REDUCE OUTPUT IN DRAINAGE WATER

Authors:   C. DeMoranville, B. Howes, D. Schlezinger, D. White
Keywords:   Vaccinium macrocarpon Ait., phosphorus, water quality, flood management, fertilizer practice
DOI:   10.17660/ActaHortic.2009.810.84
Abstract:
Cranberries (Vaccinium macrocarpon Ait.) are grown in wetland settings. Environmental concerns have led to a need for nutrient management planning by cranberry farmers. In particular, phosphorus (P) has been identified as a potential environmental pollutant discharging from cranberry systems to inland water bodies. Most growers apply fertilizers that are a complete blend of N-P-K, basing the application rate on the amount of N required. Depending on the N:P ratio of the chosen fertilizer, P rates may be in excess of plant needs. The recommended rate for P in cranberries with tissue tests above the critical value (0.1% P) should be ~22 kgha-1 P per season (~50 kg P2O5). As part of a water quality study, growers reduced P inputs in bogs paired with standard practice bogs (generally 22-35 kgha-1 P). Substantially reduced P fertilizer inputs did not suppress yield and were associated with marked reduction in P concentration in flood discharges. A 40% reduction in P over a 3-year period at one study site resulted in a decrease in average total P concentration in flood discharge from 0.377 to 0.097 mgL-1. During that same period, yield increased while net P discharge from this bog system was reduced by more than half. Based on these studies, growers have begun to use fertilizers with lower N:P ratios. An additional outcome of this research has been the identification of the interaction of fertilizer P applied and P movement into flood water and improved management practices for the handling of flood discharges. Use of >22 kgha-1 P was associated with higher levels of P discharge into harvest flood waters when compared to bogs receiving reduced P fertilizer. Retention of floods for extended periods was associated with increased P in the discharge. Best management practices should incorporate reduced P fertilizers and minimal retention times of harvest floods.
  • Article - full text (enhanced PDF format, 403417 bytes)
  • How to cite this article
  • Translate

Download Adobe Acrobat Reader (free software to read PDF files)

810_83     810     810_85

URL www.actahort.org      Hosted by KU Leuven      © ISHS