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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 757: I International Symposium on Breadfruit Research and Development

CONSERVATION AND USE OF BREADFRUIT: GHANAIAN PERSPECTIVE

Authors:   D.K. Gamedoagbao, S.O. Bennett-Lartey
Keywords:   Ghana, crop germplasm, plant genetic resources, crop diversity, tropical fruit
DOI:   10.17660/ActaHortic.2007.757.16
Abstract:
Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) is grown in backyards, orchards, marginal lands and home gardens by local communities in Ghana. It is regarded as “tree yam” as the processed fruit is similar in taste to yam, a root and tuber crop popular in West Africa. Breadfruit was one of the few trees that withstood the 1983 droughts and was eaten extensively during that time. It has the potential to contribute to food security in Ghana and needs to be better utilised to benefit the country. A preliminary analysis of the status of breadfruit was carried out by the national programme on plant genetic resources. It revealed that information on available diversity has not been properly documented and this diversity faces maintenance and conservation issues particularly for cultivars that do not produce seeds. This paper discusses the status of breadfruit in Ghana.

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