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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 750: II International Symposium on Loquat

EFFECTS OF STORAGE TEMPERATURE ON ANTIOXIDANT COMPOSITION AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF LOQUAT FRUIT

Authors:   S.F. Cao, Y.H. Zheng, Z.F. Yang, N. Li, S.J. Ma, S.S. Tang, J.H. Zhang
Keywords:   Eriobotrya japonica Lindl., total phenolics, total flavonoids, total carotenoids, antioxidant activity
Abstract:
The changes in contents of total phenolics, total flavonoids, and total caroteinoids and antioxidant activity against DPPH, superoxide and hydroxyl radicals in loquat fruit during storage at 1 and 20C were investigated. The results showed that there was a decline in content of total phenolics and an increase in contents of flavonoids and carotenoids of loquat fruit during storage. Low temperature storage inhibited the decline in content of total phenolics and the increase in contents of total carotenoids but had no effect on flavoniod accumulation. In fruit stored at 20C, DPPH radical scavenging activity decreased while the reducing power increased with storage time and superoxide and hydroxyl radicals scavenging activities increased rapidly at the early stage and then decreased dramatically after 4 days of storage. When stored at 1C, DPPH, superoxide and hydroxyl radical scavenging activities decreased gradually throughout the whole storage period, while reducing power increased sharply at the initial 7 days and then decreased gradually after 14 days of storage. Fruit stored at 1C exhibited significantly higher DPPH scavenging activity and reducing power but a lower superoxide radical scavenging activity, compared to those stored at 20C. Statistical analysis showed a significant positive linear relationship between total phenolic content (x) and DPPH radical scavenging activity (y) (Y = 5.9256 x - 93.396, r = 0.946). However, no significant correlation among the contents of total phenolic, total flavonoids and total carotenoids, the scavenging activities against superoxide and hydroxyl radicals, and reducing power was found. Data obtained in this study suggested that low temperature storage maintained higher content of total phenolics and higher levels of DPPH radical scavenging activity and reducing power but promoted the decline in superoxide radical scavenging activity. Furthermore, the stronger DPPH radical scavenging activity in loquat fruit stored at 1C may be attributed to the higher content of total phenolics.
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