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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 686: VI International Congress on Hazelnut

DEVELOPING HAZELNUTS FOR THE EASTERN UNITES STATES

Authors:   T.J. Molnar, J.C. Goffreda, C.R. Funk
Keywords:   Corylus avellana, Corylus americana, hazelnut, eastern filbert blight, Anisogramma anomala, breeding
Abstract:
Over the last century, many advances were made in the art and science of hazelnut improvement that clearly show the potential for developing well-adapted commercial quality hazelnuts for the eastern United States. At Rutgers University, we are using these advances to build an efficient and effective hazelnut breeding program. New Jersey’s geographic location and climate make it well suited for assessing the major limiting factors of European hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) culture in the northeastern U.S., which includes susceptibility to eastern filbert blight (Anisogramma anomala [Peck] E. Müller) and lack of cold hardiness. By utilizing previous eastern U.S. breeding efforts, access to a greatly expanded base of hazelnut germplasm, better understanding of eastern filbert blight, and recent advances in hazelnut genetics and breeding, it will be possible to significantly increase the usefulness of hazelnuts in New Jersey, the eastern U.S., and other climatically homologous areas.
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