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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 679: III WOCMAP Congress on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Volume 5: Quality, Efficacy, Safety, Processing and Trade in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants

ESSENTIAL OIL OF THE FLOWER OF AZADIRACHTA INDICA (MELIACEAE)

Authors:   C. Aromdee, R. Anorach, N. Sriubolmas
Keywords:   organosulphur, steam distillation, volatile constituents
Abstract:
Essential oil of the flowere of Azadirachta indica were obtained by steam distillation. The yield was 0.001%. It mainly consisted of -cubebene (3.04%), copaene (7.03%), humulene (3.7%), -cardinene (9.43%) and a number of sesqui-terpenes. The organosulphur compounds were picked up by the S34 isotope. The oil exhibited antimicrobial activity of Bacillus subtilis (ATCC 6633), Candida albican (ATCC 10231) and Microsporum gypseum (clinical isolated).
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