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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 665: II International Symposium on Lychee, Longan, Rambutan and other Sapindaceae Plants

ADVANCES IN THE PRODUCTION AND RESEARCH OF LYCHEE IN INDIA

Authors:   S.K. Mitra, R.S.K. Dutta
Keywords:   integrated nutrient management, plant protection, irregular bearing, growth regulators, winter flushing, flower initiation, fruit cracking
Abstract:
Lychee originated in the area near southern China and northern Vietnam and was introduced into India during the 18th Century. It is now an important commercial fruit of India. India ranks second after China, producing 474,000 MT of lychee annually. Cultivation of lychee is widely spread in eastern and northern India, which provides livelihood opportunities to millions of people. More than 50 cultivars are grown in India; however, ‘Shahi’, ‘Rose Scented’, ‘China’, ‘Bombai’, ‘Dehradun’ are the few commercially grown cutivars. Air-layering is the commonly adopted method of propagation. Integrated nutrient management and plant protection measures have been worked out. To combat irregular bearing the essential practices are focused on the regulation of the trees vegetative growth by physical and chemical means. Growth regulators are applied to discourage winter flushing in flavor of flower initiation and to prevent excessive fruit drop.
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