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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 639: XXVI International Horticultural Congress: Expanding Roles for Horticulture in Improving Human Well-Being and Life Quality

PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSES TO DIFFERENT LANDSCAPE SETTINGS AND A COMPARISON OF CULTURAL DIFFERENCES

Author:   C.-Y. Chang
Keywords:   landscape patterns, brainwaves, EEG, ART, EMG
DOI:   10.17660/ActaHortic.2004.639.6
Abstract:
This study explores the influences of different types of landscapes on psychophysiological reactions. Indexes for physiological reactions include electro-encephalography (EEG), electromyography (EMG), and heart rate (HR), while psychological reactions are tested using measurements of attention restorative theory (ART), landscape preference, and relaxation. Cultural background - Taiwanese vs. Americans - is also included in the analysis of influences of landscapes on psychophysiological reactions. Participants viewed slides of five different types of landscapes (forest, park, water, city and mountain) as the sources of stimuli. The results of the present study indicate that mountain and park landscapes produce the highest EEG-B while views of nature such as mountains, water and forests resulted in higher psychological benefits. In addition, there is a relationship between respondentsí psychological and physiological reactions. Participants from different cultures all show significant differences of ART and relaxed feelings when viewing landscapes. American participants have higher EEG-B than Taiwanese individuals when viewing mountains and forests. Taiwanese participants, on the other hand, have high EEG-B when viewing pictures of water and parks. Parks induce higher ART for Taiwanese participants, while mountains, water, and forests induce higher ART for Americans.

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