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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 607: IX International Symposium on Timing of Field Production in Vegetable Crops

PRODUCTIVITY OF LETTUCE AND RADISH CULTIVATIONS AS A FUNCTION OF SPACING AND OF TIME OF ESTABLISHMENT OF INTERCROPPING

Authors:   B.L.A. Resende, G.H.D. Canato, A.B.C. Filho
Keywords:   Lactuca sativa, Raphanus sativus, cultivation system, intercropping.
Abstract:
The experiment was conducted at UNESP, Jaboticabal-SP, during the period of September to November of 2000, with the objective of evaluating the productivity of the cultivation of lettuce and radishes as a function of spacing between plants and of the time of establishment of intercropping. The experimental design was a completely randomized blocks and four replications. The 14 treatments consisted of combinations of spacing between lines (0.30 and 0.40 m), cultivation systems (intercropping and monoculture), and time of sowing of radish seeds to establish intercropping (0, 7 and 14 days after transplant of lettuce). The cultivars of lettuce and radish were, ‘Tainá’ and ‘Crimson Gigante’, respectively. A greater yield of commercial radish roots was obtained with intercropping cultivation. The fresh mass of lettuce in monoculture did not differ from that produced with intercropping. These results suggest that intercropping cultivation between these species is advantageous.
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