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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 555: II International Symposium on Edible Alliaceae

ONIONS IN ASIA - AN ANALYSIS OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND, AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR AUSTRALIA

Authors:   D. Midmore, R. Brimblecombe
DOI:   10.17660/ActaHortic.2001.555.46
Abstract:
World-wide onion production figures show an average 5% per annum increase over the period 1991-1997. Production in a number of Asian Pacific countries has remained relatively constant over the same period (e.g., Taiwan, Vietnam, Australia, Korea and Japan) while others in Asia/Pacific show considerable increase such as New Zealand (26% per annum), China (19%), Indonesia (5.5%), Philippines (12%) and India (4.5%). Southern hemisphere countries are also increasing production (e.g., South Africa - 5.5%; Chile - 9%; Peru - 16%) as is the USA (4%).
Asian countries importing onions comprise two major groups; those to satisfy complete demand such as in Malaysia, Singapore, Hong Kong, and those that supplement national production, especially during periods of scarcity, such as Japan and Korea. A few other countries both import and export, capitalising upon seasonal advantage, such as for the Philippines and Taiwan, but they largely supply their own demand.
Paying attention to market requirements, especially in relation to size, hardness, and pungency, year-round onion supplies capitalising on the diversity of Australian climates will enhance market opportunity in Asia. Focus on sweet onions and effective transport systems will open new market opportunities, as will market promotion of organic production.

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