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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 551: IX International Symposium on Small Fruit Virus Diseases

SOME FACTORS INFLUENCING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF RESISTANCE GENES TO THE APHID VIRUS-VECTOR, AMPHOROPHORA IDAEI BÖRNER, IN RASPBERRY

Authors:   A.T. Jones, W.J. McGavin, A.N.E. Birch
Keywords:   Polygenic control, Dominant genes
Abstract:
Attempts were made to understand the reasons for the difference in response to Amphorophora idaei biotypes and strains on certain raspberry cultivars reputed to contain the same A. idaei-resistance gene, A1. The response to two recognised strains of the aphid was assessed in segregating progeny seedlings from crosses between A. idaei-resistant and –susceptible cultivars. These studies showed that ‘Autumn Bliss’ contained the A. idaei-resistance gene, A10, and ‘Delight’ and ‘Glen Prosen’ each contained the A. idaei-resistance gene, A1. When progeny seedlings were assayed in a heated glasshouse as young plants and in an unheated Tygan house as 1m tall plants, the segregation ratios for resistance and susceptibility to A. idaei were largely unchanged. However, when the resistance of individual progeny plants was assessed, c. 37% of the gene A1-containing progeny and 9-23% of the gene A10-containing progeny, behaved differently in the two environments. Experiments involving parental cultivars showed that shading plants increased their susceptibility to A. idaei colonisation. This shading effect has implications for experimentally detecting A. idaei-resistant progeny in segregating raspberry seedlings, but it does not explain the difference in field resistance to A. idaei of ‘Delight’ and ‘Glen Prosen’. Such differences seem best explained by the presence in these cultivars of ‘minor’ genes for A. idaei resistance and/or susceptibility that influences the effectiveness of gene A1.
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