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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 360: I International Symposium on Ornamental Palms

CONSERVATION OF PALMS IN THE INDIAN BOTANIC GARDEN, HOWRAH: PHENOLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS

Authors:   R.K. Chakraverty, S.K. Basu
Keywords:   Arecaceae, genetic resources, floral biology
DOI:   10.17660/ActaHortic.1994.360.6
Abstract:
The Indian Botanic Garden (Calcutta), Howrah (established: 1787) has a large collection of palms representing about 116 species under 53 genera and 8 subfamilies of Arecaceae (Palmae). This is one of the largest refugia of palms in South East Asia. Many of the species are economical having great potentiality in agriculture, industries as well as in domestic use and utility. Also there is a magnificent assemblage of ornamental palms and palms of horticultural importance. Special emphasis is centered on the conservation and multiplication of rare, endangered and endemic species under ex situ condition in the Garden. The paper (*) deals with the phenological studies of selected interesting genera and species under different subfamilies. The onset of flowering, their duration, peculiarities and possible mechanism of pollination and fruit dispersal have been elucidated. This may contribute useful information to the palm taxonomists, pollination biologists as well as growers and nurserymen engaged in multiplication and trade, the ornamental palms in particular.

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