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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 346: V International Symposium on Vaccinium Culture

OVERVIEW OF THE VACCINIUM INDUSTRY IN WESTERN EUROPE

Author:   W.D. Naumann
Abstract:
Since HEERMANN introduced the first highbush blueberries to Europe about 60 years ago they were almost entirely planted in Germany and the Netherlands, where acidic sandy soils and bogland offer excellent sites for this fruit species. Meanwhile a very active competition developed in Poland and other countries of eastern Europe, and many growers in France, Austria, and Italy realised too that it pays to cultivate highbush blueberries, and that good economic gain can be obtained. Even in Belgium and Norway some very promising trials with special methods of blueberry cultivation resulted in a limited commercial production which is very successful.

The map of central and western Europe (Fig. 1) demonstrates where the climate is favourable and where acidic soils or bogs are available for highbush blueberries. Except in the United Kingdom, Ireland, and Spain, a blueberry industry is developing in all regions where the production is possible due to the climatic and edaphic conditions, illustrated by the circles in the map representing estimations of the total annual production.

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