Yield components of cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum, Maton) in Sri Lanka were subjected to correlation and path analysis.
The data on vegetative (number of pseudostems/ plant, number of suckers/plant, plant height, pseudostem girth, number of leaves/pseudostem, leaf length, leaf breadth) and reproductive characteristics (number of panicles/plant, panicle length, number of nodes/panicle, number of capsules/panicle and number of capsules/plant) of "Vazukka" type cardamom were analyzed.
The direct and indirect effects of yield and yield components were computed.
This study revealed that plant characteristics such as number of pseudostems per plant, leaf length, number of panicles per plant, length of a fully developed panicle and number of capsules in a panicle had a higher association with yield than other parameters.
These characters could be used as selection criteria in a crop improvement programme for maximizing yield.