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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 237: XI Workshop on Labour and Labour Management

INDIVIDUAL CALCULATION OF PRODUCTION METHODS IN HORTICULTURE

Author:   W. Besener
Abstract:
The economical input of the production factors is one of the predominant intentions of the farmer. This intention is of even major importance as to the production factor of labour whenever it takes a large part in the total production costs.

In floriculture labour costs still have a great influence on the farm results although the prices of other factors increase.

Table 1: Costs of Labour in Floriculture farms (1985–1985/86)

floricultural farms
  indirect
selling
direct
selling
pot plants
total
Azerca2)

total cost 1)
of labour in
% farm output
 
28.1%
 
35.1%
 
27.9%
 
30.5%
labour cost 3) in
% running costs
 
27.9%
 
34.8%
 
28.1%
 
32.9%

  1. total cost oft labour = labour costs + calculated labour cost for family workers
  2. Farms with production of azalea, heather and calmia
  3. that means expenditure of wages

The table shows the costs of labour in floricultural farms. The first index represents the total costs of labour in relation to the farm output. The total costs of labour include the expenditure on wages and the calculated labour costs for family workers.

The table shows that the input of labour amounts to about 30% of the total production cost.

The labour costs of firms with direct selling are 7% higher than those of farms with indirect selling. Moreover it can be seen that there is a difference in labour costs between the farms with unspecified potplant production and those firms specializing on azalea production, this difference ranging from 2 up to 5%.

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