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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 220: I International Symposium on Vegetables for Processing

RECENT ADVANCES IN EFFICIENCY OF VEGETABLE GROWING IN INDIA

Author:   K.S. Randhawa
Abstract:
In India, about 40 vegetable crops of varying significance are grown. Vegetable growing is labour and capital intensive. In recent years, keen interest has developed in vegetable cultivation on large farms that are distantly placed from consuming centres. Various varieties of vegetables have been released in the recent past both for table and processing purposes. Judicious soil-water-fertilizer-vegetable crop management techniques have been developed. Vegetable crop calendars involving adjustment of new varieties in different cropping patterns have been formulated. Transplanting techniques of cucurbits for early and increased production and seed-plot-technique for producing virus-free seed of potato in the plains of north India have been developed. To grow vegetables in weed-free environment, different herbicides have been recommended. Through extension education programme, the gap between new research findings and their adoption at the farmers' fields has been narrowed down which proved instrumental in increasing the vegetable production in the country.
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