The computation and information systems as components of the economic system of planning and management of production include:
- Collection of information following the last ascertainment of the amount, date and quality of the information.
- Transmission of the information, comprising the respective channels of information from the source to the receiver, speed of transmission, frequency of information and its technical execution.
- Accumulation of information after specified principles from various receivers of information.
- Processing of information, serving to prepare and find a solution.
The implementation of the decisions taken is checked by the aid of the newly accumulated information concerning the processes covered by the decision.
In this way is created a network of interrelationships of information (communication) difficult to embrace.
The developing commercial forms of organization and management of production in the field of hotbed and greenhouse vegetable growing too, the perfected social mode of production through concentration and specialization of production and the associated increasing production units, the steadily developing cooperative relationships and connections call for more profound scientific and economic understanding of the entire process of reproduction.
The increasing production units demand objectively exact information for management and organization of these economic systems.
The four basic principles of the science of organization of production are:
- Clearly demarcated spheres of responsibility.
- The best possible relationships between the collectivities and their members and, in close connection with it, creation of optimal organizational structure of the enterprise.
- Use of contemporary forms of organization of production such as socialist emulation, economic levers and computing technique.
- Use of most rational forms of intereconomic cooperation.
At present and in a large measure in the future too, the unified computation-statistical system represents the basis of scientific management, as is evidenced by the application of the economic system of planning and management of vegetable growing in the German Democratic Republic.
In the horticultural enterprises the computation-statistical system develops steadily and consistently under the peculiar conditions of increasing connection with production and sale.
By clearly demarcating the spheres of responsibility of the separate production units, incurring the expenses and creating the production of the enterprise, responsibility becomes centered in the brigades and specialized