ISHS


Acta
Horticulturae
Home


Login
Logout
Status


Help

ISHS Home

ISHS Contact

Consultation
statistics
index


Search
 
ISHS Acta Horticulturae 1299: XXX International Horticultural Congress IHC2018: VII International Symposium on Tropical and Subtropical Fruits, Avocado, II International Symposium on Jackfruit and Other Moraceae and II International Symposium on Date Palm

The introduction and evaluation of West Indian avocados to South Florida, USA

Authors:   N. Ledesma, R.J. Campbell
Keywords:   Guatemalan hybrid, Persea americana, West Indian avocado
DOI:   10.17660/ActaHortic.2020.1299.46
Abstract:
Avocado (Persea americana Mill.) is a traditional domesticated fruit tree indigenous to Mesoamerica. It is a member of the Lauraceae family and is separated into three horticultural races; namely the Mexican (P. americana var. drymifolia), Guatemalan (P. americana var. guatemalensis) and West Indian (P. americana var. americana) races (Sánchez-Collin et al., 1998). Expeditions were conducted from 2002 to 2006, focusing on local West Indian avocado and Guatemalan hybrid selections of superior fruit quality and adaptation to the climatic and edaphic conditions of the area. As a genetic resource, these selections hold promise for the improvement of disease resistance (Phytophthora root rot), fruit quality and productivity of avocado throughout Tropical America and the world. Working with local collaborators we concentrated our collection efforts on superior selections within home gardens, public areas and small orchards of each region. More than 200 different selections of West Indian avocado and Guatemalan hybrids were collected during 4 years in Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Guatemala, Panama, Ghana and Puerto Rico. Evaluation of fruit and tree characteristics began in 2005 and we have now identified several green- and red-skinned cultivars with promise for commercial and landscape use in Florida and in Tropical America, Africa and Asia.

Download Adobe Acrobat Reader (free software to read PDF files)

1299_45     1299     1299_47

URL www.actahort.org      Hosted by KU Leuven      © ISHS