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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 1299: XXX International Horticultural Congress IHC2018: VII International Symposium on Tropical and Subtropical Fruits, Avocado, II International Symposium on Jackfruit and Other Moraceae and II International Symposium on Date Palm

Mango in India: technological development

Author:   S.K. Mitra
Keywords:   production, export, cultivars, production technology
DOI:   10.17660/ActaHortic.2020.1299.2
Abstract:
Mango is the most important fruit crop of India contributing about 40% of total mango production in the world. In India the total area under mango cultivation is 2,125,000 ha with an annual production of 19,004,000 t. Wide genetic diversity of mango exists in India as primary and secondary centers of domestication of Mangiferaindica. More than a thousand monoembryonic cultivars occur in India. Although varietal wealth is quite rich, only about 30 cultivars are now being commercially grown in different agro-ecologies. Nearly 40 mango hybrids have also been developed using donor sources of regular bearing, high quality, resistant to certain diseases and disorders. Mango is available for nine months (February-October) in India due to dynamics of weather and technological development. A number of research institutes and universities have developed the production and post-harvest management technologies for major commercial cultivars growing in different states. Technology for high-density planting, canopy management, flower regulation by use of paclobutrazol, nutrient and irrigation management, rejuvenation of old and unproductive orchards etc. have established. We export quality fresh mangoes and varied value-added mango products to many countries. The country has projected a production target of 36,920,000 t in 2030 from 15,055,000 t produced in 2010. This paper will discuss the status of technological development in mango production in India.

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