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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 1280: XXX International Horticultural Congress IHC2018: International Symposium on Nuts and Mediterranean Climate Fruits, Carob and X International Symposium on Temperate Fruits in the Tropics and Subtropics

Tree and fruit characteristics of the selected carob genotypes in North Cyprus

Authors:   S. Comlekcioglu, Y.R. Dikkaya, K. Baydar, B. Imrak, A. Sarier, A. Küden, A.B. Küden
Keywords:   North Cyprus, carob genetic resources, tree and fruit characteristics, quality performances
DOI:   10.17660/ActaHortic.2020.1280.35
Abstract:
Carob became a very popular fruit in some areas of the world, used as fresh and as an industrial crop. Carob demand is increasing day by day in Cyprus and in other parts of the world. However, there is not yet a special carob cultivar widely used for production in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) and the quality characteristics of the fruits are not homogeneous. The pod production of TRNC in 2016 was about 2,271 t obtained from 290,545 carob trees especially located at Iskele area. TRNC has a great potential for carob which is drought resistant and does not require special climatic conditions. For this aim, a selection project has been carried out on carob at almost all locations of North Cyprus since 2013, in cooperation with Cukurova University and TRNC Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Tree and fruit characteristics of 93 carob genotypes were assessed and the fruit quality components of some promising genotypes were studied. As a result of this selection study, the most promising carob genotypes were determined to allow further establishment of new orchards in TRNC and Turkey.

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