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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 1258: XXX International Horticultural Congress IHC2018: XIX Symposium on Horticultural Economics and Management, VII Symposium on Supply Chains, II Symposium on Economics, Marketing and Consumer Research and VIII Symposium on Education and Consultancy

Constraints in apple chains in Lebanon

Authors:   M. Frem, N. El Hachem, M. Zgheib, D. Nandwani
Keywords:   Arab gulf, export, production, value market
DOI:   10.17660/ActaHortic.2019.1258.13
Abstract:
Apple is considered one of the most productive fruit in Lebanon. In 2016, the land area cultivated in apples was 13,604 ha with more than 21,640 farmers engaged in apple production. However, there are a number of technical, organizational and financial constraints that limit the performance of the industry in both domestic and export markets, especially in the Arab Gulf. This paper discusses those challenges.

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