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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 1258: XXX International Horticultural Congress IHC2018: XIX Symposium on Horticultural Economics and Management, VII Symposium on Supply Chains, II Symposium on Economics, Marketing and Consumer Research and VIII Symposium on Education and Consultancy

Agroecology in higher education: a multidimensional vision as a resilience strategy to climate change

Authors:   M.C. Dussi, L.B. Flores, M.E. Barrionuevo, S.E. Dussi
Keywords:   participatory methodology, sustainability indicators, multidimensional thinking
DOI:   10.17660/ActaHortic.2019.1258.11
Abstract:
The current agro-industrial model faces several problems today, both globally and regionally. To ensure a sufficient supply of healthy and nutritious food for the growing world population, agriculture will need to use the soil properly, use less oil, less water and less nitrogen. To understand the need to move toward a new paradigm, new approaches, criteria and ways of understanding reality from a multidimensional and ethical perspective are required. The present work aims to consolidate innovative learning processes with the purpose of strengthening capacities in university students that allow them to debate, establish agreement and propose solutions to agricultural production systems. At Comahue National University, a study was conducted with a population of students studying agroecology in 2014-2016. The students were divided into groups of four. Each group was assigned a regional productive unit (PU) to carry out field work using the sustainability indicators technique. From the results obtained, each group proposed suitable management alternatives to increase sustainability in the PU's. At the end of the project work, students were able to define the problems in each PU, propose and discuss diverse hypotheses, and propose different management alternatives, taking into account the critical points detected in the agroecosystems analyzed. Students showed high levels of motivation, interaction with stakeholders and solved specific agronomic problems, based on agroecology as an alternative response to industrial agriculture.

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