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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 1240: International Symposium on Wild Flowers and Native Ornamental Plants

Introducing wild plant species of Iran as sources of new ornamentals

Authors:   L. Samiei, I. Roohollahi, M. Aslani, V. Mozaffarian, S. Mirzaei, R. Naderi, M. Shafiei, M. Padasht Dehkaei, E. Mahdavi, P. Azadi
Keywords:   native, ornamental plant, germplasm selection
DOI:   10.17660/ActaHortic.2019.1240.12
Abstract:
Iran is a large country that harbors more than 8000 plant species. It has among the richest plant biodiversity in the world, which arises from its varied climatic and topographic regions. Hence, it is important to have definite strategies for the conservation and exploitation of this valuable plant germplasm. Certain wild species have great potential to be used in the floriculture industry, as this market is always seeking novel cultivars and species with outstanding form, size and colors. In this study, the preliminary investigation of the flora of Iran resulted in the selection of about 100 candidate species with ornamental potential, which was later narrowed to a limited number based mainly on their drought-tolerant, esthetic and physiological characteristics. Consequently, 20 species that obtained the highest scores were chosen for more extensive research that can lead to the release of new cultivars or species to the market. Currently, different research groups from all around the country are performing initial research on different aspects of the selected species.

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