|Authors: ||C. Borrero, A. Refoyo, C. Sanz, M. Avilés|
|Keywords: ||breeding, Fragaria × ananassa, soilborne, disease, Phytophthora cactorum|
Phytophthora crown and root rot of strawberries is caused by Phytophthora cactorum. Breeding programs for resistance to this disease are in progress in Spain.
In a previous work, the different susceptibility of the most important strawberry cultivars used in Huelva (Spain) was observed.
In the present work, 2 cultivars and 3 breeding lines were included in assays of susceptibility with artificial inoculation.
Eighteen plants of each cultivar were inoculated with a root bath in a suspension with P. cactorum propagules.
After inoculation, plants were cultivated in a growth chamber in a randomized design with three repetitions of six plants each.
The assays were conducted two times from September to December in 2014 and 2015. Results showed 4 susceptibility groups: 'Fortuna' the most susceptible cultivar; 'Primoris' with moderate susceptibility; 'A11-407P-3' and 'A10-48-3' with lower susceptibility and 'A10-207P-8' the lowest susceptible breeding line. 'A10-207P-8' had 56.4% less disease severity than the most susceptible cultivar.
Therefore, the use of these three breeding lines will be an interesting resource to control this disease in an integrated disease management program.
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