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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 1146: III International Symposium on Organic Matter Management and Compost Use in Horticulture

Effects of the integrated nutrient management on soil properties in table grape 'Crimson Seedless' during establishment

Authors:   R.A. Ortega-Blu, M.M. Martínez S., P.A. Ospina
Keywords:   table grape, 'Crimson Seedless', integrated nutrient management, compost, humic substances
DOI:   10.17660/ActaHortic.2016.1146.16
Abstract:
Integrated nutrient management (INM) can be defined as the combined use of available technologies and tools to design and apply the “best” possible plant nutrition programs, such as, use of diagnostic and follow-up tools, proper estimation of nutrient rates, use of high efficiency fertilizers, application of organic matter and inoculants, and precision agriculture (site-specific management). Under INM, the plant nutrition is as a result of adequate equilibrium among chemical nutrients, organic matter, microbial activity looking to improve soil quality and rhizospheric activity. To evaluate the effect of the addition of different types of organic matter and soil inoculant, as a complement of conventional fertilization, on soil quality and agronomic variables in table grape at establishment, a controlled experiment using large pots (100 L) was performed, using a complete randomized block design. Organic materials used were grape pomace compost and humic extract from the same material. The inoculant corresponded to a microbial consortium of plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR). Chemical fertilization included a complete NPK formula. The variety of table grape used was 'Crimson Seedless'. The soil used corresponded to an alluvial soil of medium fertility, representative of the central area of Chile. Significant effects of applied treatments were observed with regards to some selected soil properties after one season of evaluation. On the whole, treatments including chemical fertilization and C showed larger plant growth, both in terms of shoot and root emission.

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