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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 1143: VII International Symposium on Edible Alliaceae

Antioxidant properties of green Allium vegetables

Authors:   I. Koca, B. Tekguler, A.F. Koca
Keywords:   garlic, leek, onion, körmen, antioxidant activity
DOI:   10.17660/ActaHortic.2016.1143.29
Abstract:
This study was aimed to evaluate the antioxidant activities of some allium vegetables. Methanolic (80%) extracts of edible parts of green onion, garlic, leek and körmen (Allium scorodoprasum L. subsp. rotundum (L.)) were prepared by ultrasound-assisted extraction, which was followed by evaluation of total phenolics and antioxidant activity. Also, color, dry matter, soluble solids of the samples were determined. In this study, seven different samples of green onion, garlic and leek grown in Samsun (Turkey) and seven different körmen grown in Amasya (Turkey) were analyzed. Total phenolic contents (as mg gallic acid equivalents g-1 on dry weight basis, mg GAE g-1 DW) of samples followed the hierarchic order: Green parts of onion (7.43±0.95) > green parts of garlic (6.92±2.79) > green parts of körmen (6.33±0.40) > green parts of leek (4.78±1.23) > white parts of onion (2.96±1.20) > white parts of leek (2.13±0.82) > white parts of garlic (1.97±0.59) > white parts of körmen (1.14±0.20). FRAP values (as mmol Fe2+ g-1 on dry weight basis) were ordered as follows: green parts of körmen (20.66±10.65) > green parts of onion (16.67±3.15) > white parts of onion (12.62±5.37) > green parts of garlic (5.94±2.56) > green parts of leek (4.09±2.70) > white parts of körmen (2.67±1.25) > white parts of leek (1.71±1.23) > white parts of garlic (1.64±0.99). Also, the average content of DPPH scavenging activity (the percentage of DPPH reduced by 14.3 mg mL-1 extract) in samples were as follows: green parts of onion (84.31±11.23%) > green parts of körmen (67.69±10.24%) > white parts of onion (66.41±16.51%) > green parts of garlic (63.78±18.70%) > white parts of garlic (32.81±9.76%) > green parts of leek (29.02±13.83%) > white parts of körmen (15.67±6.37%) > white parts of leek (15.55±2.95%). As a result, the green parts of samples analyzed had higher antioxidant activity and total phenolics than the white parts.

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