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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 1143: VII International Symposium on Edible Alliaceae

Effect of storage on quality features of local onion landrace 'Vatikiotiko'

Authors:   S.A. Petropoulos, . Fernandes, L. Barros, J.C.M. Barreira, I.C.F.R. Ferreira, G. Ntatsi, V. Antoniadis
Keywords:   Allium cepa, landrace, onion, storage, 'Vatikiotiko' landrace, weight loss
DOI:   10.17660/ActaHortic.2016.1143.18
Abstract:
'Vatikiotiko' is a Greek landrace of Allium cepa L. of the Liliaceae family, cultivated only in the region of Vatika, in Lakonia prefecture as a short day onion. The dry bulbs are a quality product highly sought after in Greek market, since this is the earliest onion that comes out during Spring. However, so far the production is limited and the potential of this landrace is not fully developed. In the present study we examined the effect of storage at two temperatures (231 and 51C) and 60-70% RH (relative humidity) on marketability and quality features of dry bulbs of 'Vatikiotiko' landrace and 'Sivan F1' which is also cultivated in the specific region. The experiments were carried out at the University of Thessaly, Greece during the period 2014-2015. The quality features that were recorded during storage included fresh weight loss, bulb firmness, antioxidants and sugar's composition. The measurements were taken at regular intervals and the storage was completed when either bulbs had not marketable quality or sprouting occurred. So far the results have shown that 'Vatikiotiko' onion can be stored for 7 months at both temperatures, whereas at 51C storage could be prolonged for almost 8 months without significant marketability and quality loss. Similarly, 'Sivan F1' sprouting occurred after 5 and 6 months at 231 and 51C, respectively. Therefore, the fact that 'Vatikiotiko' landrace is a storage onion allows for further valorization in order to increase total production and yield, since the stored product could cover the market needs that arise throughout the year, whereas breeding is needed in order to minimize the genetic variability of the landrace and increase uniformity of the final product.

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