|Authors: ||C. Wallace, A.J. Both|
|Keywords: ||CFL, efficacy, efficiency, HPS, INC, integrating sphere, LED, spectroradiometer|
In this paper we report on several operating characteristics for a select group of light sources used for horticultural applications.
These characteristics include: photon flux (including photosynthetically active radiation or PAR), power consumption, efficiency, and light distribution.
We evaluated two (power adjustable) high-pressure sodium lamps (HPS: mogul base and double-ended lamps), three light emitting diode (LED) lamps (two arrays and one standard bulb), a compact fluorescent lamp, and an incandescent lamp.
The tested high-pressure sodium lamps recorded the highest PAR efficiency (1.6 Ámol J-1) when operated at their highest power consumption settings.
But these lamps also exhibited the most rapid decline in intensity during our light distribution tests.
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