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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 1130: XXIX International Horticultural Congress on Horticulture: Sustaining Lives, Livelihoods and Landscapes (IHC2014): International Symposia on the Physiology of Perennial Fruit Crops and Production Systems and Mechanisation, Precision Horticulture and Robotics

Inhibition of ethylene in the presence of leaves in stage II persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb.) fruit under wounding treatment on a tree

Authors:   N. Sun, A. Nakatsuka, H. Itamura
Keywords:   attachment, ethylene biosynthesis, fruit softening, immature, perception
DOI:   10.17660/ActaHortic.2016.1130.57
Abstract:
Reports of 'tree factors' identified that some climacteric fruit on tree receive inhibitors of ripening or ethylene synthesis from leaves of the parent plant. The present study investigated the nature of these 'tree ethylene inhibitory factors' in stage II (immature) persimmon fruit at the molecular level. Fruit softening ratio and ethylene production of persimmon under wounding treatment with or without attachment of leaves to the fruit-bearing shoot were monitored. Evolution of these physiological items tended to be inhibited by the attachment of leaves as contrast to that without leaves. The expression of three ACC synthase (ACS) genes, DkACS1, DkACS2 and DkACS3, and two ACC oxidase (ACO) genes, DkACO1 and DkACO2 were investigated. Larger accumulation of DK-ACS2 transcripts activated by wound stress in the core section was markedly inhibited in the presence of leaf attachment. The accumulation of DK-ACS3, DK-ACO1 and DK-ACO2 transcripts in the core section, especially DK-ACS3 in the layer adjoining the calyx, was markedly inhibited by the attachment of leaves. These three genes exhibited rapid increase in mRNA accumulation 2 days after treatments, which might be directly induced by the previous large rise of ethylene production in the calyx. Inhibitory effects of LSQUOthe tree factorRSQUO on ethylene synthesis was obvious in fruit core rather than in pulp section.

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