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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 1130: XXIX International Horticultural Congress on Horticulture: Sustaining Lives, Livelihoods and Landscapes (IHC2014): International Symposia on the Physiology of Perennial Fruit Crops and Production Systems and Mechanisation, Precision Horticulture and Robotics

A model system for off-season sweet cherry production in northern China

Authors:   Q.J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, K.H. Yu, D.J. Gu
Keywords:   Prunus avium, Cultivar performance, dormancy, environmental factors, yield
DOI:   10.17660/ActaHortic.2016.1130.26
Abstract:
Development of techniques for early greenhouse sweet cherry production in northern China has been successful. The cultivars best suited to greenhouse production were 'Red Lamp', 'Tieton', 'Summit', 'Van'O, 'Lapins', and 'Santina'. The earliest cultivar was 'Red Lamp' with 45 days from flowering to harvest. October 20-25th was the optimum time for covering greenhouses with thick light blocking material to induce dormancy and meet the chill requirement of trees. Depending on weather conditions, December 10-20th was the usual time for trees to break dormancy. For reliable cropping, three stages for temperature and humidity management were identified: 5-18C, 60-80% RH at budding, 15-21C, 50-70% RH at flowering, 20-25C, 50-60% RH during fruit development. Humidity control was necessary during fruit ripening to avoid fruit cracking. Yield ranged from 6000 to 7500 kg ha-1. High quality fruit was harvested from mid-March to the end of May during a time when there are no local or imported fresh cherries available. Consequently market prices were exceptionally high. Gross margin analysis indicated net returns (income - direct costs) as high as 975,000 Yuan ha-1. Early sweet cherry production in northern China has the potential to generate high economic returns for producers, strengthen the local economy and to meet consumer demand.

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