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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 1032: I International Symposium on Fruit Culture and Its Traditional Knowledge along Silk Road Countries

ALMOND: MULTIPLE USES OF A MEDITERRANEAN HERITAGE

Author:   L. Chalak
Keywords:   almond, Mediterranean, usage, food, feed, folk medicine, by-products
DOI:   10.17660/ActaHortic.2014.1032.3
Abstract:
Native to the Middle East and South Asia, the almond (Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D.A. Webb) is one of the oldest fruit trees that have crossed seas, cultures and centuries. Long time ago, almond has been carried by traders down the ancient Silk Road to the Mediterranean where its trees flourished and gained notoriety for their spiritual, cultural and nutritional value. Today almond is still widely cultivated for its eaten nuts and derived products in addition to many other uses in cosmetics, feed livestock and energy production. In this paper we review the multiple and various uses of almonds in both the past and the present with the perspective of recalling the attention of the Mediterranean societies to the importance of this ancestral crop as a promising and powerful agriculture industry for the future.

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