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ISHS Acta Horticulturae 1017: X International Symposium on Vaccinium and Other Superfruits

REDUCING PHOSPHORUS USE IN CRANBERRY PRODUCTION: HORTICULTURAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS

Author:   C. DeMoranville
Keywords:   Vaccinium macrocarpon, fertilizer, yield, water quality
DOI:   10.17660/ActaHortic.2014.1017.55
Abstract:
Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) growers design fertility programs based on nitrogen requirements of the crop. For many years, use of easily available complete (nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium) fertilizers led to excessive phosphorus (P) applications. Based on more than 20 years of horticultural research, extension recommendations now state that P applications should not exceed 22 kg ha-1 per season. In the past 10 years, it has been suggested that, even when following this recommendation, P output from cranberry farms may exceed environmental mandates. To respond to this challenge, growers have been introduced to the use of low P fertilizers developed and tested by their peers. Within 3 years of intensive education, 65% of growers surveyed had reduced their P use but continued to question their ability to sustain production with reduced P. Growers were recruited to implement a P fertilizer program using 11 kg ha-1 or less and share the results with researchers and other growers. Their farms were studied from 2005 to 2011 to document production, tissue P levels, and improvement to environmental quality (change in P concentrations in surface water). At the site of the earliest adopter of the reduced P program, after 7 years of an average seasonal P application of 10 kg ha-1, crop yields were increased (compared to prior years), P concentration in harvest floods was reduced by >80%, and P concentration in winter floods was reduced by ~90%.

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